The challenge Desertification in Sudan/Africa
Desertification is the spread of desert-like conditions in arid and semi-arid conditions. It is a result of pressure from both climatic and human factors. Desertification in the Sudan has been accelerating at a faster rate over the last two decades, leading to loss of arable land. The main factors contributing to desertification include drought, population growth, the spread of extensive agriculture, deforestation, rapid urbanization, , the lack of economic institutions and the absence of social institutions which have tended to reduce the capacity of the local people to cope with the resource degradation problem.
Initiatives to arrest the desert encroachment must include improved cultivation methods like UAVs plant cultivations & health monitoring management, reforestation and integration of livestock and crop production systems, coupled with good linkages to UAVs industries.
In the Republic of the Sudan a sum of 500000 km is directly affected by desertification. More than half of the Sudanese population lives within this zone which is and always has been the most active economic region with the largest towns of the country.
UAVs Measures To Combat Desertification In AFRICA
§ Improving the central places on the margin of the Sahara to enhance and control Animal.
§ Developing UAVs for combined millet / Acacia , Airborne Automated Cultivation.
§ Using UAVs for mentoring fire and wood plantations in the vicinity of settlements.
(Green Darner) flying Robots equipped with exchangeable payload to perform :
Environmental Measurements & collecting samples
Combat desertification and rang land degradation
Precision agriculture and smart farming
Automated cultivations methods
seeds Air pressure Control Software (serial out put command for automation )
command control the Seeds Electric (Air Pressure) Launcher with 3 method of exaction
pre-programmed serial command for planting seed over specific area example (one Acre) in hovering mod
ground control from pilot, farmer on the ground using information and laser pointer from the SAP onscreen video display
Automated cultivations pre-programmed serial command for planting seed over specific area example (one Acre) in fix wing mod (pre-programmed seed planting over GPS coordinates)
Seeds Electric (Air Pressure) Launcher
Electric-powered (Air Pressure) Launcher typically use a rechargeable battery
(LIPO) to drive an electric motor, which cycles an internal piston/spring assembly in order to propel the Seeds. Automatic, round burst, and semi-automatic operation is These Launcher often attain muzzle velocities from 150 to 650 ft/s (46 to 198 m/s) and rates of 100 and 1500 rounds per minute.
please watch our final project video