From waste to energy

Waste-to-energy plants burn municipal solid waste (MSW), to produce steam in a boiler that is used to generate electricity. MSW is a mixture of energy-rich materials such as paper, plastics, wood.

Inclusive Urban Planning Urban Nature & Wildlife Waste Management
Fares Shmayssani
From waste to energy

There are different types of waste-to-energy systems or technologies. The most common type used is the mass-burn system, where unprocessed MSW is burned in a large incinerator with a boiler and a generator for producing electricity (see illustration below). Another less common type of system processes MSW to remove most of incombustible materials to produce refuse-derived fuel (RDF).

 First The process of generating electricity in a mass-burn waste-to-energy plant has seven stages:

 Second Waste is dumped from garbage trucks into a large pit.

 Third A giant claw on a crane grabs waste and dumps it in a combustion chamber.

 Fourth The waste (fuel) is burned, releasing heat.

Fifth The heat turns water into steam in a boiler.

Sixth The high-pressure steam turns the blades of a turbine generator to produce electricity.

Seventh An air pollution control system removes pollutants from the combustion gas before it is released through a smoke stack.

Eighth Ash is collected from the boiler and the air pollution control system.

Meet the solution owner

Fares Shmayssani
Fares Shmayssani
fares shmayssani
I am 21 years old from Lebanon . I am currently a chemical and petrochemical undergraduate engineering student. I am climate change advocate and a youth volunteer in many organizations
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